A Dictionary of the Hani Vocabulary

The words, stems, prefixes, and suffixes listed here are taken from the Hani Babel Text page. I need to check there for updates. Please see also: Hani Language Site — Hani language site by Spence Hill, approved by C.J. Cherryh.

[Top] @

[Top] #

[Top] A

-aa-
plural suffix
-aarn
adjective or adverb marker suffix

[Top] B

Babel
(noun) human word: Babel, tower of Babel, Babylon, Babylon-tower
bek
(verb?) journey
bog
(verb) reach

[Top] C

chaach
(noun) child
chai-
direct-object or preposition prefix
chan
(verb) unite
chaul, chauul
(verb) build
chaun
(verb) make
chi
for, preposition/case suffix for nouns
chuch
and
chuj
(verb) find
chup
(noun) oil

[Top] D

[Top] E

[Top] F

fai-
direct object or preposition prefix
-faat
that; relative clause marker, relativizer
fhaif, (?)fhiat
(noun) language
fhaan
(noun) speech

[Top] G

gaif
(verb) make
ges
(noun) each
-gfaan
in, preposition/case suffix for nouns
gfirr
(verb) see

[Top] H

haa-
no, not, negative
hau-
future marker
-haur
from, preposition/case suffix for nouns
h’-
they, them, their, theirs, themselves; {3psa} marker (?) she, her, hers, herself; he, him, his, himself; it, its, itself; one, one’s, oneself;
hen-, -hem-
they, them, their, theirs, themselves; {3psa}, {3p}, {s3pa} marker; (?) she, her, hers, herself; he, him, his, himself; it, its, itself; one, one’s, oneself;
hiuman
(noun) human. A human word.

[Top] I

i
(verb) desire, wish, want
-im
of, preposition/case suffix for nouns

[Top] J

jiahn
(noun) city

[Top] K

kaf
(verb) confuse
kah
(noun) land
-kha, kha
3rd (?) person reflexive suffix or particle; (?) or just reflexive suffix or particle;
khai-
passive mood marker
khaumsa
(verb) fire, bake
-khe
to, (?)top prep./case marker suffix
kurr
from, away prep./case marker
kuut
(noun) heaven, heavens

[Top] L

laam
this
lin
one
llaig
(verb) stop
llauhn
(noun) name

[Top] M

m’-
{1psa} marker, prefix
-m’ha
{3poa} {3pd.o.a.} {d.o.a.} marker, suffix
mosh
(verb) dwell
mur-, -mur
we, us, our, ours, ourselves; {1psa}, {1p}, {1p/pl} pronoun marker prefix or suffix; (?) I, me, my, mine, myself;

[Top] N

na
(noun) male, sir, mister, mr., lord, sire
nai-
{s/} subject or nominative prefix
nab
(noun) plain, plains
naukh
(noun) tower
neg
group
nekhrh
(noun) surface
nup
there

[Top] O

-of
on, prep./case marker
orr-
(adj.) solid
orr-chup
(noun) tar

[Top] P

pukh
(verb) call

[Top] Q

[Top] R

-rait
anterior marker
raos
(verb) descend
re
imperative mood marker
rhaarn
(verb) understand
rhau
therefore
ri
past tense marker
-ro
determiner
rrach
east
Rraohm
God
rrib
(verb) scatter
rrum
because
rukh
(verb) say

[Top] S

sem
(verb) mean
shai-, shiah-
{a/} marker
shaohsh
(verb?) (adj./adv.) complete
shiarr
(verb) use
Shinar
(noun) Shinar, a place-name on the human planet Terra.
shir
brick
shukh
all

[Top] T

tai-
possessive marker
Terra
(noun) Terra, Earth, earth. A human word.
-tia
affirmative or emphatic suffix
turr
(noun) stone

[Top] U

ull
(noun) mortar
uukh
so

[Top] V

viarr
as

[Top] W

[Top] X

[Top] Y

[Top] Z